Measuring psychological well-being in the Chinese

Sheung-Tak CHENG, Alfred C. M. CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


A 4-item-per-construct version of the Scales of Psychological Well-being (Ryff, 1989) was constructed and administered to a sample of adults in Hong Kong (ages 18-86). Three competing models were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. Results suggested that a simple 6-factor model without any higher-order factor provided the best fit to the data, though only moderatly fitting. Furthermore, an examination of the factor loadings suggests that individual items might need further refinement or replacement. While the original 3-item scales suffered from poor internal consistencies, the new 4-item scales had relatively more acceptable internal consistency coefficients. Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1316
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number6
Early online date23 May 2004
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Cheng, S.-T., & Chan, A. C. M. (2005). Measuring psychological well-being in the Chinese. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(6), 1307-1316. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2004.08.013


  • Psychological well-being
  • Chinese


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