Computer-supported cognitive tools (CT) featuring visualization are promising e-resources that can support, guide and mediate the cognitive processes of learners in mathematics. This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a specially designed CT with manipulative visualization scaffolds for supporting the development of the concept of average using bar charts in classroom teaching. One teacher and 28 learners from a primary school participated. Both quantitative and qualitative data were confirmative with the use of the designed CT. An effective pedagogy achieving a significant improvement over the learners' learning outcomes was designed. Both the teacher and the learners showed preference for using the CT to teach or learn the target topic, and agreed visualization of the CT aided the teaching and learning of the way to estimate the average in bar charts with the concept of "transferring the excess to the inadequate while keeping the total frequency constant". Copyright © 2016 Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2016)|
|Editors||Weiqin CHEN, Jie-Chi YANG, Sahana MURTHY, Su Luan WONG, Sridhar IYER|
|Place of Publication||Taoyuan, Taiwan|
|Publisher||Asia Pacific Society for Computers in Education|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
CitationKong, S. C. (2016). Mathematics visualization for developing the concept of average. In W. Chen, J.-C. Yang, S. Murthy, S. L. Wong, & S. Iyer (Eds.), Main Conference Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2016) (pp. 585-590). Taoyuan, Taiwan: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.
- Bar charts
- Computer-supported cognitive tool
- Lesson analysis
- Mathematics visualization
- Primary mathematics