Load research and integrated local T&D planning

Roger PUPP, Chi Keung WOO, Ren ORANS, Brian HORII, Grayson HEFFNER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Similar to many U.S. utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) faces rapidly increasing local transmission and distribution expenditures and is developing a new local integrated resource planning process to limit these expenditures. PG&E is integrating demand-side management programs with local area expansion plans to reduce load growth and defer expensive local area transmission and distribution upgrades. We show how detailed load research data are used in the new local integrated resource planning approach. Integrating demand-side management programs in the traditional expansion plan enables PG&E to reduce its planned investment by 31% or $35 million in present value over a 20-year period, for a suburban area in Northern California. Copyright © 1995 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-94
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1995


Pupp, R., Woo, C.-K., Orans, R., Horii, B., & Heffner, G. (1995). Load research and integrated local T&D planning. Energy, 20(2), 89-94. doi: 10.1016/0360-5442(94)00058-B


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