Objectives: In the face of a global pandemic, research on wellness-fostering resources is urgently needed, especially with longitudinal designs and diverse samples. According to the mindfulness-to-meaning theory and broaden-and-build theory, this study examined the reciprocal associations among a group of Chinese university students’ trait mindfulness, positive and negative affect, and use of positive coping strategies, including positive reappraisal, planning, and seeking of emotional support during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: Participants were 247 Hong Kong university students (Mage = 20.96, SD = 2.38; female = 86%) who completed survey measures of mindfulness, positive and negative affect, and positive coping strategies at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Data were analysed using a cross-lagged panel design, controlling for participants’ age.
Results: The proposed reciprocal model exhibited an excellent fit with the data. There was a reciprocal association between trait mindfulness and positive affect over time. However, no significant reciprocal effect was found among mindfulness, negative affect, and positive coping strategies.
Conclusions: Theoretically, the current findings extended the two theories to a non-Western population during a critical time and suggested a long-term reciprocal association between positive affect and mindfulness. Our study provided important insight into university students’ positive well-being during COVID-19 and demonstrated the wellness-fostering effect of mindfulness. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
CitationLee, A. S. Y., Sun, Y., & Chung, K. K. H. (2022). Linking university students’ mindfulness to positive adjustment amidst COVID-19 pandemic: A 6-month cross-lagged panel design. Mindfulness, 13, 3080-3090. doi: 10.1007/s12671-022-02014-2
- Emotional well-being
- Mental health
- Broaden-and-build theory
- Coping strategies
- Positive psychology