Linguistic issues in studying bullying-related phenomena: Data from a revised cartoon task

Peter K. SMITH, Keumjoo KWAK, Rubina HANIF, Tomoyuki KANETSUNA, Jess MAHDAVI, Siu Fung LIN, Ragnar OLAFSSON, Zehra UCANOK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The actual words used to describe bullying-like phenomena vary, in different languages and countries. The word bullying corresponds well to other terms in northern European languages (such as mobbning in Swedish, mobbing in Norwegian, pesten in Dutch), but terms in Latin-based languages do not have a corresponding term and use terms such as violence (French) or prepotenza (Italian). Differences in meanings of terms are crucial in cross-national comparisons, and have been investigated using a stick-figure cartoon task. This chapter overviews these issues and provides data from a revised and updated version of the cartoon task, given in 9 eastern and western countries; Japan, South Korea, England, Canada, Iceland, China, Hong Kong, Pakistan, and Turkey. The term bullying was similar in meaning in England and Canada. There were considerable variations in meaning of other terms; wang-ta is low on physical bullying, but both wang-ta and ijime are high on severe social exclusion; by contrast, ha yan, qifu and zorbalik are low on social exclusion; ijime and wang-ta are low on some age/grade-related cartoons. Different terms pick up different weightings of physical, verbal and social exclusion items. Furthermore, the kinds of social exclusion will be weighted differently in different societies. Copyright © 2016 Cambridge University Press.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSchool bullying in different cultures: Eastern and western perspectives
EditorsPeter K. SMITH, Keumjoo KWAK, Yuichi TODA
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages280-298
ISBN (Electronic)9781139410878
ISBN (Print)9781107031890
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Citation

Smith, P. K., Kwak, K., Hanif, R., Kanetsuna, T., Mahdavi, J., Lin, S.-F., . . . Ucanok, Z. (2016). Linguistic issues in studying bullying-related phenomena: Data from a revised cartoon task. In P. K. Smith, K. Kwak, & Y. Toda (Eds.), School bullying in different cultures: Eastern and western perspectives (pp. 280-298). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

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