Face recognition based-access systems have been used widely in security systems as the recognition accuracy can be quite high. However, these systems suffer from low robustness to spoofing attacks. To achieve a reliable security system, a well-defined face liveness detection technique is crucial. We present an approach for this problem by combining data of the light-field camera (LFC) and the convolutional neural networks in the detection process. The LFC can detect the depth of an object by a single shot, from which we derive meaningful features to distinguish the spoofing attack from the real face, through a single shot. We propose two features for liveness detection: the ray difference images and the microlens images. Experimental results based on a self-built light-field imaging database for three types of the spoofing attacks are presented. The experimental results show that the proposed system gives a lower average classification error (0.028) as compared with the method of using hand-crafted features and conventional imaging systems. In addition, the proposed system can be used to classify the type of the spoofing attack. Copyright © 2019 SPIE and IS&T.
CitationLiu, M., Fu, H., Wei, Y., Rehman, Y. A. U., Po, L.-M., & Lo, W. L. (2019). Light field-based face liveness detection with convolutional neural networks. Journal of Electronic Imaging, 28(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.28.1.013003
- Convolutional neural networks
- Face liveness detection
- Face spoofing attack
- Light filed camera