Liberating and empowering effects of critical reflection on collective action in LGBT and cisgender heterosexual individuals

Chun Ho Randolph CHAN, Winnie W. S. MAK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Critical consciousness represents the transformation from a passive target of oppression to an active actor with an increased capacity to analyze and negotiate conditions of oppression. It is considered as an antidote for oppression that can liberate people from oppressive ideologies and empower them to resist social injustice. Building on the theory of critical consciousness and the Social Identity Model of Collective Action, this paper examined the liberating and empowering effects of critical reflection on collective action for minority rights. Results of a cross‐sectional study in 1,050 LGBT individuals (Study 1) showed that critical reflection was associated with lower levels of internalized oppression and higher levels of collective efficacy, which in turn were associated with greater intentions to undertake collective action for LGBT rights. Findings from a prospective longitudinal study in 428 cisgender heterosexual individuals (Study 2) indicated that critical reflection was associated with lower levels of internalized domination and heightened levels of efficacious beliefs, which positively predicted actual participation in collective action at a subsequent wave. The findings supported the effects of critical reflection on collective action mobilization and offered leads for future research and praxis on how to orient different sectors of society to work toward social equity. Copyright © 2019 Society for Community Research and Action.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-77
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume65
Issue number1-2
Early online dateJul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Citation

Chan, R. C. H., & Mak, W. W. S. (2020). Liberating and empowering effects of critical reflection on collective action in LGBT and cisgender heterosexual individuals. American Journal of Community Psychology, 65(1-2), 63-77. doi: 10.1002/ajcp.12350

Keywords

  • Critical consciousness
  • Collective action
  • Internalized oppression
  • Internalized domination
  • Collective efficacy
  • LGBT rights

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