Leveraging deep learning for automatic literature screening in intelligent bibliometrics

Xieling CHEN, Haoran XIE, Zongxi LI, Dian ZHANG, Kwok Shing CHENG, Fu Lee WANG, Hong-Ning DAI, Qing LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Intelligent bibliometrics, by providing sufficient statistical information based on large-scale literature data analytics, is promising for understanding innovative pathways, addressing meaningful insights with the assistance of expert knowledge, and indicating key areas of scientific inquiry. However, the exponential growth of global scientific publication output in most areas of modern science makes it extremely difficult and labor-intensive to analyze literature in large volumes. This study aims to accelerate intelligent bibliometrics-driven literature analysis by leveraging deep learning for automatic literature screening. The comparison of different machine learning algorithms for the automatic classification of literature regarding relevance to a given research topic reveals the outstanding performance of deep learning. This study also compares different features as model input and provides suggestions about training dataset size. By leveraging deep learning’s abilities in predictive and big data analytics, this study makes contributions to intelligent bibliometrics by promoting literature screening and is promising to track technological changes and scientific evolutionary pathways. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1483-1525
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics
Early online dateDec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


Chen, X., Xie, H., Li, Z., Zhang, D., Cheng, G., Wang, F. L., . . . Li, Q. (2023). Leveraging deep learning for automatic literature screening in intelligent bibliometrics. International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics, 14, 1483-1525. doi: 10.1007/s13042-022-01710-8


  • Automatic literature screening
  • Deep neural networks
  • Intelligent bibliometrics
  • Big data analytics


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