Learning intravenous cannulation: A comparison of the conventional method and the CathSim Intravenous Training System

Katherine Ka-Pik CHANG, Wai Yee Joanne CHUNG, Thomas Kwok-Sing WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)


• Intravenous cannulation is a nursing procedure carried out in some clinical units that may induce trauma and discomfort. Nurses should be well prepared before practising the procedure with clients.

• Conventionally, a plastic arm was used for practice but, with innovative developments in technology, a computer program called the CathSim Intravenous Training System (CathSim ITS) is available for this purpose. This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of learning using a plastic arm with the CathSim ITS.

• Twenty-eight nurses were divided into two groups and randomly assigned to the two different methods: plastic arm (control group) or CathSim ITS (experimental group). Both groups were provided with 1 hour of theory input and 2 hours of nursing laboratory work.

• When the nurses felt ready to practise on clients, their performances were assessed by researchers with an intravenous cannulation qualification using a validated checklist. Prior to the assessment, trait and state anxiety levels were measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Hong Kong Chinese adaptation) to check whether anxiety would affect the performance. Following the assessment, a semi-structured interview was conducted to reveal any knowledge acquired through using the selected method. 

• Both the control and CathSim ITS groups demonstrated a high success rate, scoring 100% and 92.86%, respectively, with their first client.

• The semi-structured interviews revealed that the CathSim ITS group appreciated several features of their assigned method. However, there is room for further development. Copyright © 2002 Blackwell Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002



Chang, K. K.-P., Chung, J. W.-Y., & Wong, T. K.-S. (2002). Learning intravenous cannulation: A comparison of the conventional method and the CathSim Intravenous Training System. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 11(1), 73-78. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2702.2002.00561.x


  • Intravenous cannulation
  • Learning
  • Research