Leadership in non-western countries: China

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


Despite an expansion of educational leadership research in non-Western societies, including China, a cross-culturally valid knowledge base with global relevance is yet to reach maturity. Drawing evidence from empirical studies about Chinese educational leadership and international comparative reports, this article explores the complexity of Chinese educational leadership practices. By doing so the article attempts to shed some light on why there appears a discrepancy between evidence-based understandings of school leadership in China and the stereotypical images widely presented in Western discourse to identify key learning points about Chinese educational leadership. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational encyclopedia of education
EditorsRobert J. TIERNEY, Fazal RIZVI, Kadriye ERKICAN
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherElsevier Science
Edition4th ed.
ISBN (Print)9780128186299, 9780128186305
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Qian, H., & Walker, A. (2023). Leadership in non-western countries: China. In R. J. Tierney, F. Rizvi, & K. Erkican (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education (4th ed., pp. 476-483). Oxford: Elsevier Science.


  • China
  • Educational leadership
  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • PISA
  • Centralization
  • Leadership practice
  • Culture
  • Teacher learning
  • Curriculum reform
  • Policy transfer


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