Known-groups and concurrent validity of the Mandarin Tone Identification Test (MTIT)

Shufeng ZHU, Lena L. N. WONG, Fei CHEN, Yuan CHEN, Bin WANG

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective
The Mandarin Tone Identification Test (MTIT) is a new test designed to assess the tone identification abilities of children with hearing impairment (HI). Evidence for reliability and sensitivity has been reported. The present study aimed to evaluate the known-groups and concurrent validity of the MTIT.
Design
The MTIT and Mandarin Pediatric Speech Intelligibility test (MPSI) were administered in quiet and in noise conditions. The known-groups validity was evaluated by comparing the performance of the MTIT on children with two different levels of HI. The MPSI was included to evaluate the concurrent validity of the MTIT.
Study sample
81 children with HI were recruited in the present study. They were Mandarin-speaking children with profound HI (mean age = 9; 0, n = 41) and with moderate to severe HI (mean age = 8; 9, n = 40).
Results
Scores on the MTIT differed between the two groups with different hearing levels suggesting good known-groups validity. A strong relationship between tone and sentence perception both in quiet and in noise provided preliminary evidence for concurrent validity.
Conclusions
The present study confirmed that the MTIT has good known-groups validity and provided preliminary evidence for concurrent validity. The MTIT could be used to evaluate tone identification ability in children with HI with confidence. Copyright: © 2016 Zhu et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0155595
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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mandarins
Audition
Hearing Loss
hearing
Speech Intelligibility
Aptitude
Speech intelligibility
testing
Pediatrics
Noise
Hearing

Citation

Zhu, S., Wong, L. L. N., Chen, F., Chen, Y., & Wang, B. (2016). Known-groups and concurrent validity of the Mandarin Tone Identification Test (MTIT). PLoS ONE, 11(5). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155595