Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviour intentions for three bowel management practices in intensive care: Effects of a targeted protocol implementation for nursing and medical staff

Serena KNOWLES, Lawrence Tak-Ming LAM, Elizabeth MCINNES, Doug ELLIOTT, Jennifer HARDY, Sandy MIDDLETON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Bowel management protocols have the potential to minimize complications for critically ill patients. Targeted implementation can increase the uptake of protocols by clinicians into practice. The theory of planned behaviour offers a framework in which to investigate clinicians’ intention to perform the behaviour of interest. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of implementing a bowel management protocol on intensive care nursing and medical staffs’ knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, behaviour intentions, role perceptions and past behaviours in relation to three bowel management practices. Methods: A descriptive before and after survey using a self-administered questionnaire sent to nursing and medical staff working within three intensive care units before and after implementation of our bowel management protocol (pre: May – June 2008; post: Feb – May 2009). Results: Participants had significantly higher knowledge scores post-implementation of our protocol (pre mean score 17.6; post mean score 19.3; p = 0.004). Post-implementation there was a significant increase in: self-reported past behaviour (pre mean score 5.38; post mean score 7.11; p = 0.002) and subjective norms scores (pre mean score 3.62; post mean score 4.18; p = 0.016) for bowel assessment; and behaviour intention (pre mean score 5.22; post mean score 5.65; p = 0.048) for administration of enema. Conclusion: This evaluation, informed by the theory of planned behaviour, has provided useful insights into factors that influence clinician intentions to perform evidence-based bowel management practices in intensive care. Addressing factors such as knowledge, attitudes and beliefs can assist in targeting implementation strategies to positively affect clinician behaviour change. Despite an increase in clinicians’ knowledge scores, our implementation strategy did not, however, significantly change clinician behaviour intentions for all three bowel management practices. Further research is required to explore the influence of opinion leaders and organizational culture on clinicians’ behaviour intentions related to bowel management for intensive care patients. Copyright © 2015 Knowles et al.; licensee BioMed Central.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalBMC Nursing
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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Nursing Staff
Medical Staff
Practice Management
Critical Care
Patient Care Management
Critical Care Nursing
Attitude of Health Personnel
Organizational Culture
Behavior Control
Enema
Critical Illness
Intensive Care Units

Citation

Knowles, S., Lam, L. T., Mclnnes, E., Elliott, D., Hardy, J., & Middleton, S. (2015). Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviour intentions for three bowel management practices in intensive care: Effects of a targeted protocol implementation for nursing and medical staff. BMC Nursing, 14, Article 6.

Keywords

  • Bowel management
  • Intensive care
  • Nursing
  • Theory of planned behavior
  • Questionnaire