Key contexts and challenges

King Man Eric CHONG, Ian DAVIES, Terrie EPSTEIN, Carla L. PECK, Andrew PETERSON, Alistair ROSS, Maria Auxiliadora Moreira dos Santos SCHMIDT, Alan SEARS, Debbie SONU

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


A quarter century ago, Benedict Anderson (1991) published what came to be a seminal book on understanding nationalism and nation states, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. Anderson argued that nations were not primarily bounded territories but ‘imagined communities’, created in the mind and heart through the mediation of a number of institutions and processes including schools, public monuments and historical sites, and patriotic ceremonies. It is evident from the case studies in this book that the process of imagining and reimagining communities continues but is not necessarily limited to the context of nation states. China, it appears, is very focused on incorporating the people of Hong Kong and Macau (SARs), as well as their numerous ethnic minorities, into one national imagined community. The EU, on the other hand, is focused on imagining a ‘post-national’ community of communities.1 While the EU moves to a supranational understanding of citizenship, some in the UK imagine devolution of the federal nation state into smaller, more traditional entities. Consistent with Anderson’s original analysis, this reimagining is being fostered through formal schooling, other public institutions such as museums, galleries and historic sites, and cultural ceremonies and traditions. Copyright © 2016 King Man Chong, Ian Davies, Terrie Epstein, Carla L. Peck, Andrew Peterson, Alistair Ross, Maria Auxiliadora Schmidt, Alan Sears and Debbie Sonu.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation, globalization and the nation
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISBN (Electronic)9781137460356
ISBN (Print)9781137460349, 1137460342
Publication statusPublished - 2016


Chong, K. M., Davies, I., Epstein, T., Peck, C. L., Peterson, A., Ross, A., et al. (2016). Key contexts and challenges. In Education, globalization and the nation (pp. 5-13). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


  • Citizenship education
  • National minority
  • History textbook
  • Critical citizenship
  • World trade center attack


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