Kernel method for the estimation of the distribution function and the mean with auxiliary information in ranked set sampling

K. F. LAM, Leung Ho Philip YU, C. F. LEE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The method of ranked set sampling is widely applicable in environmental research mainly in the estimation of the mean and distribution function of the variable of interest, Y. Ranking of the Ys by visual judgment may be imperfect sometimes. When the Ys are expensive to measure, it would be more convenient to determine the ‘rankings’ of the Ys by a concomitant variable, X, which is relatively easy and cheap to make measurements. The information carried in X is not utilized in all estimation methods available in the literature except in determining the rankings of Ys unless extra distributional or linearity assumptions are made. However, these assumptions may be too stringent in environmental research. Nonparametric estimators for the distribution function and the mean of Y utilizing the concomitant variable and auxiliary information in a ranked set sampling setup are proposed in this article. The estimators are robust to model misspecification, and the performance of the estimators is highly satisfactory, supported by some simulation studies. The estimators are applied to a real data set to estimate the mean and distribution function of plutonium concentration in surface soil on the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, U.S.A. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-406
JournalEnvironmetrics
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002

Citation

Lam, K. F., Yu, P. L. H., & Lee, C. F. (2002). Kernel method for the estimation of the distribution function and the mean with auxiliary information in ranked set sampling. Environmetrics, 13(4), 397-406. doi: 10.1002/env.553

Keywords

  • Auxiliary information
  • Concomitant variable
  • Kernel method
  • Ranked set sampling
  • Ratio estimator
  • Regression estimator

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