Job-related stress and social support in kindergarten principals: The case of Macau

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Purpose – One objective of the present study was to explore how stressful kindergarten principals, as leaders and managers of their schools, found their work to be, and if such job-related stress was associated with negative emotions and job (dis)satisfaction. Another objective was to assess whether or not social support from one's supervisor could reduce the adverse effects of job-related stress. A related objective was to examine possible negative impacts associated with receipt of support from one's supervisor. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 44 kindergarten principals in Macau filled out a questionnaire that contained the variables of interest. Findings – The results indicated that the principals found their work to be moderately stressful; only emotional support was shown to be effective in buffering the impacts of job-related stress; and there were only weak adverse effects related to the receipt of support. Originality/value – This paper is useful in understanding the relationship of stress to work in the school environment. Copyright © 2005 Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-196
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005



Wong, K. S., & Cheuk, W. H. (2005). Job-related stress and social support in kindergarten principals: The case of Macau. International Journal of Educational Management, 19(3), 183-196.


  • Stress
  • Principals
  • Primary schools
  • Macau
  • Jobs
  • Job satisfaction