Is psychological distress a risk factor or an outcome of school violence and cyberbullying perpetrated by adolescents? A short-term longitudinal panel study

Ji-Kang CHEN, Boyuan YANG, Li-Chih WANG, Ching-Wen CHANG, Chung-Ying LIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the associations between adolescent psychological distress (i.e., depression, anxiety, and somatization), school violence, and cyberbullying have been examined using cross-sectional data, little evidence from longitudinal panel data exists to determine the temporal association. A two-wave longitudinal panel data with a 10-month interval were obtained from a random sample of 487 Chinese junior high school students (grades 7–9) in Tianjin in Mainland China. The cross-lagged panel analysis showed that adolescent psychological distress in the first wave of the survey was significantly associated with subsequent school violence against peers and teachers in the second wave but not in the opposite direction. Student psychological distress in the first wave of the survey was not significantly associated with cyberbullying perpetration in the second wave and vice versa. The findings suggested that adolescent psychological distress was a risk factor rather than the consequence of violence against peers and teachers in school. However, the temporal associations between adolescent psychological distress and cyberbullying perpetration were non-significant. These findings were relevant to both sex groups. The findings may imply that potential interventions and policies to prevent students from committing school violence should consider reducing students’ psychological distress as one of the core elements. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9215-9238
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume38
Issue number15-16
Early online dateApr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Citation

Chen, J.-K., Yang, B., Wang, L.-C., Chang, C.-W., & Lin, C.-Y. (2023). Is psychological distress a risk factor or an outcome of school violence and cyberbullying perpetrated by adolescents? A short-term longitudinal panel study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(15-16), 9215-9238. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605231163249

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Somatization
  • Bullying
  • School violence
  • Cyberbullying

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