Investigating the self-efficacy of Hong Kong primary and secondary school students in symphonic band

Pui Ying Vivianne TAM

Research output: ThesisHonours Projects (HP)


This research is targeted for investigating the relationship between symphonic band participation and self-efficacy, to identify the differences between gender and band participation i.e. genders and years of band participation. The research is quantitative, with descriptive comparative. The samples contained 64 participants from primary and secondary school. The data were analysed by the application of descriptive statistics by calculating the mean and the percentage that exists in each category and t-test analysis. The research also showed a significant difference between female and male students’ self-efficacy.
Due to limited research in this area, especially in the field of teaching of independent musicianship in large ensembles from Hong Kong, the paper reports the relationship of symphonic band participation and student’s self-efficacy. The study enables to understand how symphonic band participation affects self-efficacy. There are lots of study related to the relationship between self-efficacy and academic achievement, also about relationship between self-efficacy, gender and symphonic band participation are limited.
Questionnaire is designed to employed as a major research too. There are two main research questions: 1) Is the gender of symphonic band participants and years of participation in symphonic band having effects on self-efficacy? 2) What is the relationship between self-efficacy and participation of symphonic band?
A total of 64 symphonic band students from primary and secondary school are invited in this study. Years of band participation and learning instrument, grade of instrument and school recently studying were collected. Participants are required to score the degree by scrolling a number from 0 to 100 using the scale given. Question design was referred to General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) & Self-Efficacy Scale construction guide proposed by Albert Bandura. Different aspects are included: Musical Performance, Self-Regulated Learning, Extra-curricular Activities, Meet Others’ Expectations, Enlisting Parental and Community Support, Academic Achievement, Social Self-Efficacy, Self-Assertive Efficacy, Career Development and Enlisting Social Resources.
Results showed that there is no big difference within gender and years of symphonic band participation, which has also no significant differences with symphonic band position. No matter it was more than senior year or junior year participation, senior groups’ self-efficacy level in some areas were still higher than junior years band participants. It showed that students gave similar responses to self-efficacy items in terms of school studying, years of participation, or musical performance and social skills. The study is only shown the possible relationship (symphonic band participation, self-efficacy). Non-symphonic band participants from primary and secondary schools are not focused and compared in this study.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationBachelor of Education (Honours)
  • YUEN, Tze Leung, Raymond 袁子良, Supervisor
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Honours Project (HP)
  • Bachelor of Education (Honours) (Music) (Five-year Full-time)
  • Programme code: A5B064
  • Course code: MUS4902


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