Investigating the relationship between COVID-19-related and distress and ICD-11 adjustment disorder: Two cross-sectional studies

Menachem BEN-EZRA, Wai Kai HOU, Robin GOODWIN

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background   To assess the prevalence of elevated risk of serious mental illness and probable ICD-11 adjustment disorder in the UK population at two time points during COVID-19, and their association with COVID-19-related stressful events.
Aims   To check the dose–response model for stress between the number of COVID-19-related stressful events and mental health indices.
Method   We conducted two cross-sectional studies, using internet survey samples across the UK (N = 1293 for study 1; N = 1073 for study 2). Samples used internet panel surveys during March–April 2020 and 3 months later (June 2020), and used random stratified samples. Studies assessed prevalence of serious risk of mental illness and probable ICD-11 adjustment disorder.
Results   Elevated risk of serious mental illness was found among those with COVID-19-related social life or occupationally stressful events (study 1). Elevated risk of serious mental illness and probable ICD-11 adjustment disorder was evident among those reporting COVID-19-related stressful events (personal health problems and caregiving; study 2). Cumulative COVID-19-related stressful events were associated with elevated risk of serious mental illness in study 1 (odds ratio 1.65; 95% CI 1.03–2.64; P = 0.037), and with both elevated risk of serious mental illness (odds ratio 2.19; 95% CI 1.15–4.15; P = 0.017) and probable ICD-11 adjustment disorder (odds ratio 2.45; 95% CI 1.27–4.72; P = 0.007) in study 2.
Conclusions   Psychiatrists should be aware that COVID-19-related stressful events can lead to serious psychological problems. Mental health professionals need to pay particular attention to patients who report cumulative COVID-19-related stressful events, and consider them for mental health assessment and treatment. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Royal College of Psychiatrists
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21
JournalBJPsych Open
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Citation

Ben-Ezra, M., Hou, W. K., & Goodwin, R. (2021). Investigating the relationship between COVID-19-related and distress and ICD-11 adjustment disorder: Two cross-sectional studies. BJPsych Open, 7(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2020.158

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Serious mental illness
  • ICD-11
  • Adjustment disorder
  • Health

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