Investigating teacher perceptions of integrating engineering into science education in Mainland China

Xiaohong ZHAN, Daner SUN, Zhihong WAN, Yingli HUA, Ranran XU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

In many countries, integrating engineering into science education is regarded as the best means of improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. In Mainland China, some efforts have been made to integrate engineering into science, but problems regarding teacher factors hinder its effective implementation. To address these problems, we conducted a survey together with classroom observations and interviews to explore science teachers' perceptions of the integration of engineering into science (IEIS) with aims of exposing the problems and the status of IEIS implementation. The study involved 1185 science teachers from junior secondary schools in Shanghai. Ten teachers were interviewed, and 5 teachers' classrooms were observed. The findings of mixed research methods revealed the science teachers generally established good understanding of engineering and engineering education; however, the problems are (1) science teachers failed to identify engineering practices and scientific practices, (2) they designed and implemented IEIS in low integration levels with low cognition level of engineering education, and (3) there was a lack of high-quality IEIS training programme for STEM education. The results of this study will inform science teacher education and STEM implementation. Copyright © 2020 Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Early online dateAug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Aug 2020

Citation

Zhan, X., Sun, D., Wan, Z. H., Hua, Y., & Xu, R. (2020). Investigating teacher perceptions of integrating engineering into science education in Mainland China. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10763-020-10117-2

Keywords

  • Integration of engineering into science (IEIS)
  • Engineering education
  • STEM education
  • Teacher perceptions
  • Teaching practices

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