Intrapersonal and interpersonal dimensions of cancer perception: A confirmatory factor analysis of the cancer experience and efficacy scale (CEES)

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Abstract

Purpose: Sociocultural factors influence psychological adjustment to cancer in Asian patients in two major ways: prioritization of relationships over individual orientations and belief in the efficacy of interpersonal cooperation. We derived and validated among Chinese colorectal cancer (CRC) patients an instrument assessing cancer perceptions to enable the study of the sociocultural processes.
Patients and methods: Qualitative interviews (n = 16) derived 15 items addressing interpersonal experience in Chinese CRC patients’ adjustment. These 15 items and 18 corresponding self-referent items were administered to 166 Chinese CRC survivors and subjected to exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to establish the initial scale structure and reliability. The final 29 items, together with other psychometric measures, were administered to a second cohort of 215 CRC patients and subjected to confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).
Results: EFA (63.35% of the total variance) extracted six factors: personal strain, socioeconomic strain, emotional strain, personal efficacy, collective efficacy, and proxy efficacy. CFA confirmed the psychometric structure [χ 2(df) = 702.91(368); Comparative Fit Index = 0.95; Nonnormed Fit Index = 0.94; Incremental Fit Index = 0.95; standardized root mean square residual = 0.08] of the six factors by using a model with two latent factors: experience and efficacy. All subscales were reliable (α = 0.76–0.92). Appropriate correlations with adjustment outcomes (symptom distress, psychological morbidity, and subjective well-being), optimistic personalities, and social relational quality indicated its convergent and divergent validity. Known group comparisons (i.e., age, active treatment, and colostomy) showed its clinical utility.
Conclusion: The cancer experience and efficacy scale is a valid multidimensional instrument for assessing intrapersonal and interpersonal dimensions of cancer experience in Asian patients, potentiating existing patient-reported outcome measures. Copyright © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-571
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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Statistical Factor Analysis
Colorectal Neoplasms
Social Adjustment
Neoplasms
Psychometrics
Colostomy
Proxy
Personality
Survivors
Interviews
Psychology
Morbidity

Citation

Hou, W. K. (2010). Intrapersonal and interpersonal dimensions of cancer perception: A confirmatory factor analysis of the cancer experience and efficacy scale (CEES). Supportive Care in Cancer, 18(5), 561-571. doi: 10.1007/s00520-009-0687-2