International society of sport psychology position stand: Athletes’ mental health, performance, and development

Robert J. SCHINKE, Natalia B. STAMBULOVA, Gangyan SI, Zella MOORE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mental health is a major resource for athletes in relation to their performance and development. Concurrently, athletes experience additional mental health risk factors compared to non-athletic population, such as high training loads, tough competitions, and a stressful lifestyle. Contemporary statistics demonstrate a substantial growth in athletes’ mental health-related problems, such as concussion, overtraining, and identity crisis. Therefore, the International Society of Sport Psychology through this Position Stand provides support to sport psychology researchers, practitioners, sport participants, and stakeholders in understanding: (a) mental health phenomenon based on continuum-type models outlining mental illness (prevalence vs. absence) and mental health in association with peak performance, (b) major findings of research dealing with athletes’ performance, career and personal (e.g. identity) development in relation to mental health issues, and (c) interventions aimed at monitoring and maintaining athletes’ mental health as well as preventing various forms of mental ill-being. Five major sections reflect the logic outlined above (i.e. from definitions and theories to research and practice), complemented by 10 postulates summarising the International Society of Sport Psychology message intended to spur further discussions on how to make athletes healthier and, thus, more resourceful for (and through) sport. Copyright © 2017 International Society of Sport Psychology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-639
JournalInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume16
Issue number6
Early online dateApr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Citation

Schinke, R. J., Stambulova, N. B., Si, G., & Moore, Z. (2018). International society of sport psychology position stand: Athletes’ mental health, performance, and development. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(6), 622-639. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2017.1295557

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • Elite athletes
  • Career stressors
  • Holistic development

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