International patterns and trajectories in principal preparation

Darren Anthony BRYANT, Allan David WALKER, Moosung LEE

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters


This article updates a prior investigation and analysis of the major features of five high-quality leadership programs in five high-performing education systems. The study was originally conducted a decade ago. After delineating key profiles of each program, we identify commonalities and variations in terms of their guiding framework, content, and operational features and show how these have changed since the original study. We also identify a number of trajectories which capture the evolution and potential direction of the diverse programs. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational encyclopedia of education
EditorsRobert J TIERNEY, Fazal RIZVI, Kadriye ERKICAN
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherElsevier Science
ISBN (Print)9780128186299
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Bryant, D., Walker, A., & Lee, M. (2023). International patterns and trajectories in principal preparation. In R. J. Tierney, F. Rizvi, & K. Erkican (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education (4th ed., pp. 356-369). United Kingdom: Elsevier Science.


  • Principal preparation
  • Leadership development
  • Pre-service programs
  • High-quality leadership programs
  • International comparison
  • Principal


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