Integrity of cerebellar tracts associated with the risk of bipolar disorder

Le HOU, Bess Yin-Hung LAM, Man Lok Nichol WONG, Weicong LU, Ruoxi ZHANG, Yuping NING, Kangguang LIN

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the structural brain differences across individuals of different BD stages and the risks of developing bipolar disorder (BD) associated with these brain differences. A total of 221 participants who were recruited from the Guangzhou Brain Hospital and the community were categorized into four groups: NC (healthy control) (N = 77), high risk (HR) (N = 42), ultra-high risk (UHR) (N = 38), and bipolar disorder (BD) (N = 64) based on a list of criteria. Their demographics, clinical characteristics, and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) data were collected. ANCOVA results showed that the HR group had significantly reduced mean diffusivity (MD) (p = 0.043) and radial diffusivity (RD) (p = 0.039) of the left portico-ponto-cerebellar tracts when compared with the BD group. Moreover, logistic regression results showed that the specific diffusivity measures of cerebellar tracts (e.g., cortico-ponto-cerebellar tract), particularly the RD and MD revealed differences between groups at different BD stages after controlling for the covariates. The findings suggested that specific diffusivity (RD and MD) of cerebellar tracts (e.g., cortico-ponto-cerebellar tract) revealed differences between groups at different BD stages which is helpful in detecting the trajectory changes in BD syndromes in the early stages of BD, particularly when the BD syndromes start from HR stage. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Article number335
JournalTranslational Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Citation

Hou, L., Lam, B. Y.-H., Wong, N. M. L., Lu, W., Zhang, R., Ning, Y., & Lin, K. (2022). Integrity of cerebellar tracts associated with the risk of bipolar disorder. Translational Psychiatry, 12, Article 335. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-022-02097-4

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