Drawing upon international research studies of ICT in education, this paper identifies and discusses the cognitive opportunities and limitations of ICT in addressing the challenges in learning and teaching introductory economics. It considers the situation of ICT in a learning environment that supports learner autonomy and provides students with access to the economics discipline. Teaching and learning activities have to be planned and organised to ensure continuity between ICT and non-ICT lessons, the employment of ICT and non-ICT tools to provide support for one another, and the interactions between the tools and course participants. It is only then that students in the introductory economics course are likely to think ‘in an economics way’. Copyright © 2003 Economics LTSN: University of Bristol. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.