Influence of ambivalent sexism and filial piety on negative perceptions and stigmatization toward “leftover women” in Hong Kong

Lai Kin Elsa WONG

Research output: ThesisMaster's Theses


Objective: Against a background of stigmatized portrayals and derogatory labels of unmarried, highly educated professional women as “leftovers” in the marriage market as frequently found in the media of Chinese societies, this study investigated the interrelationship among ambivalent sexism, authoritarian filial piety and the negative perceptions and stigmatization that may be harbored towards this pejoratively labelled group. Method: Using an online survey software, 124 adults (35% male, 65% female) recruited from both sexes across all walks of life completed questionnaires based on the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (Glick, & Fiske, 1996), the Dual Filial Piety model (Yeh, & Bedford, 2003) and the stereotype content model (Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, & Xu, 2002). Results: Results show the existence of significant positive correlations between ambivalent sexism on the one hand, and negative perceptions and stigmatization in terms of perceived negative outcomes in life and attribution of responsibility to personal internal causes of “leftover women” on the other hand. Authoritarian filial piety as a unique, culture-specific feature also indirectly contributes to the valence of negative perceptions toward “leftover women” through the mediating effect of ambivalent sexism. Conclusion: These findings all the more highlight the important role played by parents in Chinese societies in promoting and fostering values and culture of gender equality at the family level in order to reduce gender stereotypes and prejudice at the larger societal level. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationMaster of Social Sciences
Awarding Institution
  • The Education University of Hong Kong
  • BUCHTEL, Emma Ellen Kathrina 蒲安梅, Supervisor
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • “Leftover women”
  • Ambivalent sexism
  • Authoritarian filial piety
  • Gender stereotypes
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (M.Soc.Sc(Psy))--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2019.


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