Income inequality has long been suggested as a crucial factor in determining political participation. This study focuses on the case of Hong Kong, a city with notoriously high level of inequality. To examine the effect of inequality on participation, we construct a novel District Income Inequality dataset that estimates inequality at the local district level, providing a more nuanced and accurate analysis of the level of inequality experienced by individuals on a daily basis, instead of the region-wide situation. By focusing on the election-to-election change in district-level inequality, it is found that inequality depresses participation in legislative elections. The results are also robust at the individual-level, with survey data demonstrating that people living in districts with higher inequality were less likely to vote. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.
CitationWong, M. Y. H., & Wong, S. H.-W. (2022). Income inequality and political participation: A district-level analysis of Hong Kong elections. Social Indicators Research, 162, 959-977. doi: 10.1007/s11205-021-02863-9
- Income inequality
- Political participation
- Electoral authoritarianism
- Hong Kong