Inclusive education for students with diverse learning needs in mainstream schools

Shahid KARIM

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

Despite an enormous growth of the literature and research on inclusive education during the last two and a half decades, theory and practice on inclusive education are still inconsistent across the education systems worldwide. It is defined, conceptualised and practised differently across diverse socioeconomic contexts and groups of scholars and practitioners. While some promote educating all students in a mainstream classroom setting irrespective of their abilities and physical, emotional and behavioural challenges, others emphasise improving the overall quality of education for all children from diverse backgrounds. Given that education is a multidimensional social enterprise, promoting a single perspective at the cost of others or merely emphasising the role of schools and teachers may hardly result in improved education outcomes and guarantee equal learning opportunities for all. This chapter will critically review the relevant theory and discuss the different approaches to inclusive education. Then it will discuss the potential challenges to inclusive education across the education systems. Finally, the chapter will offer an inclusive way forward for improving the quality of education for all children, irrespective of their backgrounds, in mainstream schools in multicultural contexts. Copyright © 2023 Shahid Karim. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterdisciplinary perspectives on special and inclusive education in a volatile, uncertain, complex & ambiguous (VUCA) world
EditorsPennee NAROT, Narong KIETTIKUNWONG
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
Pages137-156
ISBN (Electronic)9781803825298
ISBN (Print)9781803825304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Citation

Karim, S. (2023). Inclusive education for students with diverse learning needs in mainstream schools. In P. Narot & N. Kiettikunwong (Eds.), Interdisciplinary perspectives on special and inclusive education in a volatile, uncertain, complex & ambiguous (VUCA) world (pp. 137-156). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-363620230000020009

Keywords

  • Students’ diversity
  • Equal opportunities for all
  • Inclusive education
  • Mainstream schools
  • Whole school approach
  • Universal Design for Learning

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