According to Oxford Dictionaries, the word „public‟ may mean „of or concerning the people as a whole” (being people-centred) or „of or provided by the state rather than an independent, commercial company‟ (being state or government-centred). Scholars focus on different senses of the word „Public‟ when defining Public Service Motivation (PSM), with some emphasizing motives grounded uniquely in public institutions (being state or government-centred), while others highlighting the motivation to serve the interest of the people (being people-centred). Confucian political philosophy outlines how those in public offices, whether as a ruler or as an official, should act. In Confucian tradition, “[t]he good official is above all other things, a moral actor in the context of moral action….all public officials are understood to be moral actors…[a] Confucian official…is benevolent (disposed to do good) and has extensive love of the people; and will be absolutely courageous in facing a corrupt ruler” (Frederickson 2002, p.616). In short, a good official working for the state (state or government-centred) should act out of the concern for the people (people-centred), with the two senses of the word „public‟ converging in an official‟s work motivations in a prescriptive way, according to Confucianism.
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2012|
CitationYung, B. (2012, February). In what way is confucianism linked to public service motivation?. Paper presented at the Asian Association for Public Administration (AAPA) 3rd Annual Conference Administrative Innovation and Reform: Local culture and traditions, international learning and influence, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, China.
- Public service motivation