In the period of change: Impacts of language education policies on Hong Kong students’ learning motivation and achievement

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Abstract

In 1997, the sovereignty of Hong Kong was returned from Britain to China. Henceforth, Hong Kong was no longer a British colony, but a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. Throughout the years during the British governance, English was used as the major medium of instruction (MoI) for secondary education. Regardless of strong public resistance, the mother tongue education policy was implemented in Hong Kong shortly after the political handover. Since then, Cantonese (the local language) replaced English (the ex-colonizer’s language) as the major medium of instruction in mainstream secondary schools. However, the government initiated a ‘fine-tuning’ policy eleven years after, which allows a more extensive use of English in Hong Kong classrooms. Under such a critical period of change, this study was conducted to examine the impacts of the new policy on students’ learning motivation and achievement. This paper reports the results gathered from a questionnaire survey collected from 100 students and interviews with four experienced teachers, through which, the ‘fine-tuning’ MoI policy is evaluated. Copyright © 2013 IJAS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-322
JournalConference of the International Journal of Arts & Sciences
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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learning motivation
language education
Hong Kong
instruction
student
China
mother tongue
secondary education
sovereignty
English language
secondary school
governance
classroom
questionnaire
teacher
interview
language
education

Bibliographical note

Lai, M. L. (2013). In the period of change: Impacts of language education policies on Hong Kong students’ learning motivation and achievement. Conference of the International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 6(3), 311-322.

Keywords

  • Hong Kong
  • Medium of instruction