In-situ self-sacrificed fabrication of insulator-based SrTiO₃/SrCO₃ heterojunction interface for gaseous HCHO and NO photocatalytic degradation

Shuwen HAN, Xinwei LI, Yan TAN, Yu HUANG, Zhongbiao WU, Meng WANG, Wing Kei HO, Shun-cheng Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, novel heterostructured SrTiO₃/SrCO₃ (STO/SCO) interface was constructed via the one-pot g-C₃N₄(CN) self-sacrificing hydrothermal strategy. The as-developed STO/SCO photocatalyst shows the air cleaning potential in continuous-flow reactors with degradation rates of NO and HCHO at 44 % and 40 %, respectively. From XRD, FTIR, and XPS analysis, CN participates in the crystallise process as the source of CO₃²⁻ to form the STO/SCO interface viewed by TEM and HRTEM. Subsequent temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculation results revealed the enhanced chemisorption effects of O₂ on the catalyst surface. The existence of oxygen vacancies combined with the formation of heterojunction surface induces intermediate levels, which leads to the photocatalytic oxidation under simulated solar light. Charge difference distribution simulation coupled with electrochemistry and photoluminescence tests confirmed the internal-built electron fields at the heterojunction interface which would be beneficial for photocarriers separation. Based on the above-mentioned effects, enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS)  OH and  O₂⁻ were detected under light irradiation by electron spin resonance (ESR). This work demonstrates the effectiveness of in-situ self-sacrificed strategy for construction of heterojunction interfaces and provides opportunities by utilising insulator-based materials for photocatalytic degradation of air pollutants. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155806
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume612
Early online dateNov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Nov 2022

Citation

Han, S., Li, X., Tan, Y., Huang, Y., Wu, Z., Wang, M., . . . Lee, S.-C. (2023). In-situ self-sacrificed fabrication of insulator-based SrTiO₃/SrCO₃ heterojunction interface for gaseous HCHO and NO photocatalytic degradation. Applied Surface Science, 612. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2022.155806

Keywords

  • Insulator-based photocatalyst
  • Oxygen activation
  • SrTiO₃/SrCO₃ heterojunction interface
  • NOx and HCHO removal

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