In-situ pyrogenic production of biodiesel from swine fat

Jechan LEE, Yiu Fai TSANG, Jong-Min JUNG, Jeong-Ik OH, Hyung-Wook KIM, Eilhann E. KWON

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In-situ production of fatty acid methyl esters from swine fat via thermally induced pseudo-catalytic transesterification on silica was investigated in this study. Instead of methanol, dimethyl carbonate (DMC) was used as acyl acceptor to achieve environmental benefits and economic viability. Thermo-gravimetric analysis of swine fat reveals that swine fat contains 19.57 wt.% of water and impurities. Moreover, the fatty acid profiles obtained under various conditions (extracted swine oil + methanol + NaOH, extracted swine oil + DMC + pseudo-catalytic, and swine fat + DMC + pseudo-catalytic) were compared. These profiles were identical, showing that the introduced in-situ transesterification is technically feasible. This also suggests that in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification has a high tolerance against impurities. This study also shows that FAME yield via in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification of swine fat reached up to 97.2% at 380 °C. Therefore, in-situ pseudo-catalytic transesterification can be applicable to biodiesel production of other oil-bearing biomass feedstocks. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-447
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume220
Early online dateAug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Citation

Lee, J., Tsang, Y. F., Jung, J.-M., Oh, J.-I., Kim, H.-W., & Kwon, E. E. (2016). In-situ pyrogenic production of biodiesel from swine fat. Bioresource Technology, 220, 442-447.

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Swine fat
  • In-situ transesterification
  • Dimethyl carbonate
  • Porous material

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