Impact of mindfulness on role competence among helping professionals: The mediating role of secondary trumatic stress

Siu King FUNG

Research output: ThesisMaster's Theses


Helping professionals are easy exposed to secondary traumatic stress (STS) when engaging in treatment process with clients who had been traumatized primarily. STS contributes to different degrees of psychological distress such as compassion fatigue and burnout as well as negative impacts on job satisfaction and subjective sense of role competence. Objectives: The study was to identify protective factors for helping professionals’ from psychological distress that might help increasing role competence and quality of human services. Methods: A cross sectional quantitative approach was conducted through online convenient sampling from 71 helping professionals (mean age=37.7; 87.3% female), measured the areas of mindfulness traits, quality of supervision, secondary traumatic stress and sense of role competence. Results: Mindfulness traits was positively associated with role of competence and was negatively associated with secondary traumatic stress. Quality of supervision had no significant correlation with role of competence. Regression analysis proved that STS partially mediated the relation between mindfulness and role competence. Two subscales of mindfulness traits, attention and present focus, had significant influence on role competence. Conclusion: Mindfulness traits were found to be a potential predictor and protective factor for helping professionals from psychological distress. Activities with mindfulness elements are suggested for stress reduction. Meanwhile, further researches on protective factors for helping professionals are recommended. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationMaster of Social Sciences
Awarding Institution
  • The Education University of Hong Kong
  • CHAN, Ka Shing, Kevin 陳家承, Supervisor
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Secondary traumatic stress
  • Role competence
  • Mindfulness
  • Alt. title: Secondary traumatic stress, role competence
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (M.Soc.Sc(Psy))--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2018.


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