Immediate effects of 2 different whole-body vibration frequencies on muscle peak torque and stiffness

Parco M. SIU, Bjorn T. TAM, Hung Kay Daniel CHOW, Jing-Yi GUO, Yan-Ping HUANG, Yong-Ping ZHENG, Stephen H. WONG

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Abstract

Objective

To examine the immediate effects of 2 vibration protocols with different vibration frequencies that yielded the same maximum acceleration (106.75ms-2) on muscle peak torque and stiffness of knee extensor and flexor. 

Design 

Randomized crossover study with repeated measures. 

Setting

Laboratory setting. 

Participants 

Recreationally active male adults (N=10). 

Intervention 

Participants performed 10 bouts of 60-second static half squats intermitted with a 60-second rest period between bouts on a platform with no vibration (control) and a vibration frequency of 26Hz or 40Hz. 

Main Outcome Measures 

Concentric and eccentric peak torques of knee extensor and flexor were examined within 5 minutes before and after vibration by isokinetic test. Young's modulus as an index of tissue stiffness was determined at quadriceps and hamstring pre- and postvibration by using an ultrasound indentation method. 

Results 

The 2-way repeated-measures analysis of variance indicated a significant interaction effect between vibration and vibration frequency for knee extensor concentric peak torque (P=.003). The vibration-induced changes of knee extensor concentric peak torque in vibration frequency of 26Hz (14.5Nm) and 40Hz (12.0Nm) were found to be significantly greater than that in controls (-29.4Nm) (P<.05). The change in eccentric peak torque of knee flexor after vibration tended to be greater in 26Hz of vibration frequency when compared with controls (26Hz of vibration frequency vs controls: 13.9±7.1 vs -11.4±5.3Nm, P=.08). No statistically significant differences were obtained in tissue stiffness in the quadriceps and hamstring with any of the conditions. 

Conclusions 

Our data suggest that whole-body vibration at a frequency of 26Hz and 40Hz preclude the decline in concentric peak torque of knee extensor observed after 10 bouts of 60 seconds of static half squats. A change in muscle mechanical stiffness property as induced by whole-body vibration is not supported by our data. Copyright © 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1608-1615
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume91
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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Torque
Vibration
Muscles
Knee
Elastic Modulus
Cross-Over Studies
Analysis of Variance
Rehabilitation

Citation

Siu, P. M., Tam, B. T., Chow, D. H., Guo, J.-Y., Huang, Y.-P., Zheng, Y.-P., & Wong, S. H. (2010). Immediate effects of 2 different whole-body vibration frequencies on muscle peak torque and stiffness. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91(10), 1608-1615. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2010.07.214

Keywords

  • Muscle, skeletal
  • Muscle strength
  • Rehabilitation