Identifying effective STEM programmes and strategies in Asia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter reports a systematic review of existing literature related to the study of STEM in Asian secondary education. Thirty-two studies published in English from 2011 to 2020 were selected and reviewed. Guided by descriptive frameworks drawn from analysis of good practices of integrated STEM, STEM courses and programmes in Asia were examined in terms of firstly, the nature and scope of STEM programmes, secondly, instructional practices adopted in the STEM programmes, and thirdly, the evidence of the STEM programme impact on student learning in the knowledge, skills, and attitude domains. The findings showed that in addition to the frequent emphasis on science learning, an emerging trend of integrating engineering design at the secondary school level was observed among the existing Asian-based STEM programmes and courses. Additionally, project-based learning and engineering design-based learning were two main instructional designs used among the selected studies that demonstrated the flexibility in meeting different teaching and learning purposes. The review also suggests that crosscutting concepts are neglected among Asian-based STEM programmes and courses. This review characterized different STEM enactments in Asian secondary education, contributing towards identifying and discussing effective STEM programmes and strategies. Finally, this chapter points out areas for further development and invites researchers to further examine good practices in STEM education in the Asian context. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConcepts and practices of STEM education in Asia
EditorsMay May Hung CHENG, Cathy BUNTTING, Alister JONES
Place of PublicationSingapore
ISBN (Electronic)9789811925962
ISBN (Print)9789811925955
Publication statusPublished - 2022


Cheng, M. M. H., & Yeh, F.-Y. (2022). Identifying effective STEM programmes and strategies in Asia. In M. M. H. Cheng, C. Buntting, & A. Jones (Eds.), Concepts and practices of STEM education in Asia (pp. 19-41). Singapore: Springer.


  • STEM studies
  • Asian classrooms
  • Primary school and secondary school
  • Pedagogical approaches in STEM studies
  • Student performance
  • STEM programme effectiveness


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