Ammonia electro-oxidation is an extremely significant reaction with regards to the nitrogen cycle, hydrogen economy, and wastewater remediation. The design of efficient electrocatalysts for use in the ammonia electro-oxidation reaction (AOR) requires comprehensive understanding of the mechanism and intermediates involved. In this study, aggregation-induced emission (AIE), a robust fluorescence sensing platform, is employed for the sensitive and qualitative detection of hydrazine (N₂H₄), one of the important intermediates during the AOR. Here, we successfully identified N₂H₄ as a main intermediate during the AOR on the model Pt/C electrocatalyst using 4-(1,2,2-triphenylvinyl)benzaldehyde (TPE-CHO), an aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen). We propose the AOR mechanism for Pt with N₂H₄ being formed during the dimerization process (NH₂ coupling) within the framework of the Gerischer and Mauerer mechanism. The unique chemodosimeter approach demonstrated in this study opens a novel pathway for understanding electrochemical reactions in depth. Copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society.
Siddharth, K., Alam, P., Hossain, M. D., Xie, N., Nambafu, G. S., Rehman, F., . . . Shao, M. (2021). Hydrazine detection during ammonia electro-oxidation using an aggregation-induced emission dye. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 143(5), 2433-2440. doi: 10.1021/jacs.0c13178