Hybridization of the thermo-chemical process of polyvinyl chloride in the production of bioethanol using horse hay

Dong-Jun LEE, Seong-Heon CHO, Jonghyun PARK, Jun Ho YIM, Sungyup JUNG, Junsu PARK, Yiu Fai TSANG, Wei-Hsin CHEN, Young Jae JEON, Eilhann E. KWON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

The improper disposal of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is hazardous to the environment. To rectify the inappropriate disposal of PVC, this study proposes a sustainable method to valorize hydrogen chloride (HCl) (from the thermolysis of PVC) in bioethanol (BE) production. Prior to saccharification, lignocellulosic biomass (horse hay) was treated with HCl. The optimized parameters for acid treatment were determined from a series of saccharification tests. In detail, the sugar recovery yield was 75 % after 2 % HCl, 120 °C, and 2 h treatment of horse hay. In addition, this study suggests that a nitrogen source is required during fermentation to enhance BE productivity. To valorize the residual materials from the saccharification of horse hay and dechlorination of PVC, they were pyrolyzed. Co-pyrolysis of the residues was performed in a CO2 gas environment. The gas-phase reaction of CO2 and volatiles stemming from the two residues was observed, which directly led to the enhanced generation of carbon monoxide (CO). These observations are attributed to the simultaneous redox mechanisms of CO2 and volatiles. To accelerate the reaction rate of the redox mechanisms, catalytic co-pyrolysis of the residues over Co/SiO2 was performed, and such attempts were confirmed by the enhanced formation of H2 and CO. This study highlights that the hybridization of the thermochemical process of PVC in the production of BE could be a viable approach for waste valorization. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146905
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume477
Early online dateOct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Citation

Lee, D.-J., Cho, S.-H., Park, J., Yim,J. H., Jung, S., Park, J., Tsang, Y. F., Chen, W.-H., Jeon, Y. J., & Kwon, E. E. (2023). Hybridization of the thermo-chemical process of polyvinyl chloride in the production of bioethanol using horse hay. Chemical Engineering Journal, 447, Article 146905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.146905

Keywords

  • Circular economy
  • Waste-to-energy
  • Biomass valorization
  • Carbon neutrality
  • CO2 utilization

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