Hybridization of rutile TiO₂ (rTiO₂) with g-C₃N₄ quantum dots (CN QDs): An efficient visible-light-driven z-scheme hybridized photocatalyst

Yuhan LI, Kangle LV, Wing Kei HO, Fan DONG, Xiaofeng WU, Yang XIA

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121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To make full use of solar light, fabrication of g-C₃N₄ quantum dots (CN QDs) modified rutile TiO₂ (rTiO₂) hybrid (CN QDs-r TiO₂), using both visible light responsive semiconductors as components, was successfully achieved by calcination the mixture of P25 TiO₂ and melamine at 500 °C for 4 h. It was found that CN QDs were in-situ formed during calcination, which were homogeneously deposited on the surface of rTiO₂. Modification of rTiO₂ by CN QDs not only improved the visible-light harvesting ability, but also retarded the recombination of photo-generated electron-hole pairs. CN QDs-rTiO₂ hybrid (S15) with nominal 15 at.% CN QDs loading showed the highest photocatalytic activity among all the photocatalysts, whatever for degradation of RhB or photocatalytic decomposition of NO, under visible light irradiation. The increased formation of radical ·OH radicals in CN QDs modified rTiO₂ suspensions supports a Z-Scheme degradation mechanism instead of the formation of CN QDs-rTiO₂ heterojunctions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-619
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume202
Early online dateSep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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Photocatalysts
rutile
Semiconductor quantum dots
Calcination
degradation
Degradation
recombination
Melamine
titanium dioxide
irradiation
decomposition
Heterojunctions
electron
Suspensions
Irradiation
Semiconductor materials
Decomposition
Fabrication
Electrons

Bibliographical note

Li, Y., Lv, K., Ho, W.-k., Dong, F., Wu, X., & Xia, Y. (2017). Hybridization of rutile TiO₂ (rTiO₂) with g-C₃N₄ quantum dots (CN QDs): An efficient visible-light-driven z-scheme hybridized photocatalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 202, 611-619.

Keywords

  • g-C₃N₄
  • Rutile TiO₂
  • Quantum dots
  • Photocatalytic degradation
  • Visible-light