Individuals hold different views towards their IQ, with some people seeing it as relatively fixed and others seeing it as malleable. Individual differences in these beliefs (implicit theories of intelligence) have been shown to influence a wide range of achievement-related outcomes in school. However, the impact of these implicit theories of intelligence on a broader range of adjustment outcomes beyond the school domain has been relatively unexplored. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine how implicit theories of intelligence are related to a wider range of adjustment and well-being outcomes. Results of the study indicated that viewing intelligence as fixed (entity theory) is associated with more maladaptive outcomes. Viewing intelligence as malleable (incremental theory) has been found to be more optimal. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationKing, R. B. (2012). How you think about your intelligence influences how adjusted you are: Implicit theories and adjustment outcomes. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(5), 705-709. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.05.031
- Implicit theories of intelligence