How is forgivingness linked to religiousness, pessimism, and social cynicism? A longitudinal investigation for directional relationships

Esther Yuet Ying LAU, Wing Yan KUNG, Sing-Hang CHEUNG, Jasmine LAM, C. Harry HUI, Shu Fai CHEUNG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Forgivingness is an important virtue in interpersonal relationships. This panel study investigated the directional relationship of forgivingness with religiousness, pessimistic attributional style, and social cynicism using data collected from 4,829 Chinese adults. Additionally, 51 nonbelievers who became Christian believers (converts) within a 3-year timeframe were prospectively compared with a matched sample of nonbelievers. Results suggested a directional effect of religious conversion on forgivingness. In contrast, religiosity social axiom was neither an antecedent nor outcome of forgivingness as indicated in a cross-lagged analysis. Of note, pessimistic attributional style was both an antecedent and outcome of unforgivingness, which also fueled subsequent social cynicism. These relationships were invariant across the Christian and the nonreligious groups, thus suggesting generalizability. This study advances understanding of the nomological network of forgivingness and sheds light on how this socially desirable virtue can be enhanced. Copyright © 2021 APA, all rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychology of Religion and Spirituality
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Citation

Lau, E. Y. Y.. Kung, W. Y., Cheung, S.-H., Lam, J., Hui, C. H., & Cheung, S. F. (2021). How is forgivingness linked to religiousness, pessimism, and social cynicism? A longitudinal investigation for directional relationships. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/rel0000422

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'How is forgivingness linked to religiousness, pessimism, and social cynicism? A longitudinal investigation for directional relationships'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.