How formal caregiver’s BPSD knowledge influences positive aspects of caregiving: The mediating role of attitude and the moderating role of self-efficacy

Rui HU, Bingbing LAI, Wenhao MA, Yuan ZHANG, Yujiao DENG, Lianqi LIU, Zeping LV, Che Hin Chetwyn CHAN, Fan ZHANG, Qian TAO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Background: The current study investigated the relationship between behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) knowledge and positive aspects of caregiving (PAC), in addition, how caregiving attitude and self-efficacy mediate or moderate this relationship. 

Methods: Two hundred twenty-nine formal caregivers (51males and 178females) who has worked in nursing homes for more than a month were recruited.With a cross-sectional, face-to-face survey, structural questionnaires were implemented to evaluate formal caregiver’s BPSD knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy and PAC.A 13-item self-developed questionnaire was used to assess caregiver’s BPSD knowledge about disease characteristics, care and risks, and treatment needs. Dementia attitude, self-efficacy and positive aspects of caregiving were measured by dementia attitude scale, the General self-efficacy scale, and Chinese version of positive aspects of caregiving respectively. Model 5 in the PROCESS micro was employed in order to verify the mediating effect of attitude and the moderating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between BPSD knowledge and PAC. 

Results: The results showed that greater BPSD knowledge was associated with increased PAC, and this relationship was fully mediated by increased friendly attitude toward people with dementia. Moreover, direct effect was moderated by self-efficacy, and that only among those with high self-efficacy, the direct effect of BPSD knowledge was found on promoting PAC. 

Conclusions: By elucidating the knowledge-attitude-practice pathway in handling patient’s BPSD, the current study extends existing literature and provides insights for developing psychoeducation programs among formal caregivers. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Article number731
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Citation

Hu, R., Lai, B., Ma, W., Zhang, Y., Deng, Y., Liu, L., . . . Tao, Q. (2022). How formal caregiver’s BPSD knowledge influences positive aspects of caregiving: The mediating role of attitude and the moderating role of self-efficacy. BMC Geriatrics, 22. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03417-5

Keywords

  • BPSD knowledge
  • Positive aspects of caregiving
  • Dementia attitude
  • Self-efcacy
  • Formal caregivers

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