How do grit and gratitude relate to flourishing? The mediating role of emotion regulation

Jana Patricia Millonado VALDEZ, Jesus Alfonso Daep DATU

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

Research suggests that grit and gratitude can protect individuals against the hazards of maladaptive outcomes such as suicidal ideation. However, there are scarce investigations on how such positive traits predict wellbeing and the mechanisms underpinning the link of such dispositions to desirable psychological functioning especially in non-Western contexts. Moreover, previous studies relied heavily on the two-factor model of grit in examining the link of grit to psychological outcomes. This research addresses these gaps through assessing the associations of gratitude and triarchic model of grit dimensions (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) with flourishing among 236 high school students in the Philippines. In addition, this study explored the mediating effects of emotion regulation strategies—cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression—on the hypothesized link of gratitude and grit on psychological flourishing. Results showed that all dimensions of grit and gratitude were associated with higher levels of flourishing. Gratitude and grit dimensions were also positively correlated with both cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Furthermore, bias-corrected bootstrapping analyses at 95% confidence interval based on 5000 bootstrapped resamples demonstrated that cognitive reappraisal mediated the link of gratitude, perseverance of effort, and adaptability to situations on flourishing. Findings suggest that cognitive reappraisal serves as a psychological mechanism underscoring the relationship of gratitude and grit to wellbeing. Implications of the results to extant grit theorizing and practical initiatives on developing positive characters are elucidated. Copyright © 2021 The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultidisciplinary perspectives on grit: Contemporary theories, assessments, applications and critiques
EditorsLlewellyn Ellardus VAN ZYL, Chantal OLCKERS, Leoni VAN DER VAART
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages1-16
ISBN (Electronic)9783030573898
ISBN (Print)9783030573881
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Citation

Valdez, J. P. M., & Datu, J. A. D. (2021). How do grit and gratitude relate to flourishing? The mediating role of emotion regulation. In L. E. van Zyl, C. Olckers, & L. van der Vaart (Eds.), Multidisciplinary perspectives on grit: Contemporary theories, assessments, applications and critiques (pp. 1-16). Cham: Springer.

Keywords

  • Filipino students
  • Flourishing
  • Gratitude
  • Triarchic model of grit

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