How dark energy affects the MOND theory in clusters

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Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) is one of the successful theories to explain the dark matter problem in galaxies. However, the data from clusters and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) indicate some dark matter should exist in larger scales. In addition, recent dynamical studies of clusters show that the effect of dark energy should not be ignored in cluster scale. In this article, I will demonstrate how dark energy affects the cluster mass calculation by using MOND. Also, I will show that the calculated cluster mass is consistent with the total matter to baryonic matter ratio obtained by the CMB data. Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1128-1130
JournalJournal of Modern Physics
Issue number9A
Publication statusPublished - 2012


Chan, M. H. (2012). How dark energy affects the MOND theory in clusters. Journal of Modern Physics, 3(9A), 1128-1130. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329147


  • Gravitation-galaxies
  • Clusters
  • General-dark matter


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