The study examined goal orientations, perceived parenting styles, and their relationships in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. It was found that students adopted both learning and performance goals but tended to be more performance goal-oriented. Females were more performance goal-oriented than males. As well, students perceived their most influential parents to be authoritative. In terms of gender, authoritativeness was more effective with females and authoritarianism worked better with males. It was found that perceived parenting styles predicted goal orientations. Authoritativeness was significantly and positively related to learning goals, whereas authoritativeness and authoritarianism were significantly and positively related to performance goals. Besides main effects, there were interaction effects between gender and parenting styles on goal orientations. Cultural and contextual factors were considered in interpreting the findings. Copyright © 2007 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
CitationChan, K.-W., & Chan, S.-M. (2007). Hong Kong teacher education students' goal orientations and their relationship to perceived parenting styles. Educational Psychology, 27(2), 157-172.
- Achievement goals
- Parenting styles
- Middle school