As 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) represents a typical pharmaceutical and personal care product (PPCP), constant releasing of HBA into the environment poses threats to the ecology, and thus it is critical to develop effective techniques to remove HBA from water. Recently, sulfate radical (SO₄∙⁻)-based advanced oxidation processes involved with monopersulfate (MPS) activation are proven as effective approaches for eliminating PPCPs from water, and Co₃O₄ is recognized as a capable catalyst for activating MPS. Therefore, great interests have arisen to develop Co₃O₄-based catalysts with advantageous morphologies and characteristics for enhancing catalytic activities. Therefore, a special Co₃O₄-based material is proposed in this work. Through a surfactant-assisted strategy, a cubic Co-MOF is prepared and used as a precursor, which is etched to afford hollow structure, and then transformed into hollow porous Co₃O₄ nanobox (PCNB). PCNB can exhibit distinct reactive surface with abundant surface oxygen vacancy as well as physical properties in comparison to the commercial Co₃O₄ NPs (com- Co₃O₄ NP), thereby leading to the outstanding catalytic activity of PCNB for activating MPS to degrade HBA. The activation energy (Eₐ) of 46.2 kJ/mol is also calculated using PCNB + MPS system, which is much lower than most of recent reported studies for activating MPS. PCNB could be also reusable over 5 consecutive HBA degradation cycles. The activation mechanism of MPS by PCNB and HBA degradation pathway are also comprehensively elucidated via experimental evidences and the theoretical calculation to offer insightful information of development of Co₃O₄ for HBA degradation. Copyright © 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
CitationTuan, D. D., Khiem, C., Kwon, E., Tsang, Y. F., Sirivithayapakorn, S., Thanh, B. X., . . . Lin, K.-Y. A. (2021). Hollow porous cobalt oxide nanobox as an enhanced for activating monopersulfate to degrade 2-hydroxybenzoic acid in water. Chemosphere. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133441
- Pharmaceutical and personal care products
- 2-Hydroxybenzoic acid