Holistic thinking and emotional variability in natural environments

Weiwei XIA

Research output: ThesisMaster's Theses


Objectives: People experience different environments every day, in which some people are more vulnerable to experience emotional variability due to the changing environments. The present study examined the relation between holistic thinking style and emotional variability in natural environments. We tested whether holistic thinking style, which refers to a connective view that every element is interconnected in the universe, would relate to stronger nature connectedness, which, in turn, would relate to greater emotional variability across different natural environments. Methods: 184 Chinese participants (101 female, 83 male, mean age=27.21, SD=10.94) were recruited to complete a four-part questionnaire, including a Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988); a Analytic-holistic Scale (Choi, Koo, & Choi, 2007); an extended Inclusion of Nature in Self scale (EINS; Martin & Czellar, 2016); and a rating task with 51 natural environment pictures. These scales were used to measure emotional baseline, holistic thinking, self-nature connection and emotional variability. Results: The results showed that stronger holding holistic thinking style was associated with stronger connectedness to nature and greater emotional variability in natural environments. More importantly, stronger self-nature connection explained the positive relation between holistic thinking and emotional variability. Conclusion: Findings suggested that individuals who holding strong holistic thinking style may perceived strong connection to the nature environments, which make holistic thinkers have large emotional variability with changes of environments. Implications for well-being and environmental research were discussed. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationMaster of Social Sciences
Awarding Institution
  • The Education University of Hong Kong
  • LI, Man Wai, Liman 李敏維, Supervisor
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Holistic thinking
  • Analytic thinking
  • Emotional variability
  • Natural environments
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (M.Soc.Sc(Psy))--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2019.


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