High self-control predicts more positive emotions, better engagement, and higher achievement in school

Ronnel Bornasal KING, Marianne Jennifer M. GAERLAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control-value theory of academic emotions has emerged as a useful framework for studying the antecedents and consequences of different emotions in school. This framework focuses on the role of control-related and value-related appraisals as proximal antecedents of emotions. In this study, we take an individual differences approach to examine academic emotions and investigate how trait selfcontrol is related to students' experience of academic emotions. We posited a model wherein trait self-control predicted academic emotions which in turn predicted engagement and perceived academic achievement. Filipino university students answered relevant questionnaires. Results indicated that self-control positively predicted positive academic emotions (enjoyment, hope, and pride) and negatively predicted negative emotions (anger, anxiety, shame, hopelessness, and boredom). Academic emotions, in turn, had a significant impact on engagement, disaffection, and perceived achievement. Implications for exploring synergies between research on trait self-control and the control-value theory of academic emotions are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-100
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
Volume29
Issue number1
Early online date30 Apr 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Citation

King, R. B., & Gaerlan, M. J. M. (2014). High self-control predicts more positive emotions, better engagement, and higher achievement in school. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 29(1), 81-100. doi: 10.1007/s10212-013-0188-z

Keywords

  • Self-control
  • Academic emotions.
  • Achievement emotions
  • Engagement
  • Disaffection
  • Control-value theory
  • Filipino students

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