Hierarchical porous Al₂O₃@ZnO core-shell microfibres with excellent adsorption affinity for Congo red molecule

Yingqiu ZHENG, Jiyan LIU, Bei CHENG, Wei YOU, Wing Kei HO, Hua TANG

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional hierarchical Al₂O₃@ZnO core-shell composite was designed and fabricated by a multistep strategy, involving an initial hydrothermal reaction, a subsequent chemical bath deposition process and a final calcination treatment. Electron microscopy images revealed that the Al₂O₃@ZnO composite was uniform in size and possessed a structure constituted by an Al₂O₃ core and a shell of crumpled ZnO nanosheets on which numerous pores were found. The as-synthesized Al₂O₃@ZnO core-shell composite exhibited fast kinetics and outstanding adsorption capacity for Congo red (CR) due to its unique structure and highly porous texture, which was much superior to those of bare Al₂O₃ core and ZnO microspheres. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model could represent the adsorption kinetics for CR adsorption, whereas the Langmuir isotherm model was suitable for describing the adsorption isotherm. The as-synthesized hierarchical Al₂O₃@ZnO microfibres with maximal adsorption capacity of 714 mg g⁻¹ are highly competitive in terms of CR adsorption. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-260
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume473
Early online dateDec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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Congo Red
Adsorption
Molecules
Kinetics
Composite materials
Nanosheets
Microspheres
Adsorption isotherms
Calcination
Electron microscopy
Isotherms
Textures

Bibliographical note

Zheng, Y., Liu, J., Cheng, B., You, W., Ho, W., & Tang, H. (2019). Hierarchical porous Al₂O₃@ ZnO core-shell microfibres with excellent adsorption affinity for Congo red molecule. Applied Surface Science, 473, 251-260. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.12.106

Keywords

  • Hierarchical
  • Highly porous
  • ZnO nanosheets
  • Adsorption