Hierarchical NiO–SiO₂ composite hollow microspheres with enhanced adsorption affinity towards Congo red in water

Chunsheng LEI, Xiaofeng ZHU, Bicheng ZHU, Jiaguo YU, Wing Kei HO

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Abstract

Hollow microspheres and hierarchical porous nanostructured materials with desired morphologies have gained remarkable attention for their potential applications in environmental technology. In this study, NiO–SiO₂ hollow microspheres were prepared by co-precipitation with SiO₂ and nickel salt as precursors, followed by dipping in alkaline solution and calcination. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The synthesized hollow spheres were composed of a SiO₂ shell and hierarchical porous NiO nanosheets on the surface. Adsorption experiments suggested that NiO–SiO₂ composite particles were powerful adsorbents for removal of Congo red from water, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 204.1 mg/g. The high specific surface areas, hollow structures, and hierarchical porous surfaces of the hollow composite particles are suitable for various applications, including adsorption of pollutants, chemical separation, and water purification. Copyright © 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-246
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume466
Early online dateDec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

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Citation

Lei, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, B., Yu, J., & Ho, W. (2016). Hierarchical NiO–SiO₂ composite hollow microspheres with enhanced adsorption affinity towards Congo red in water. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 466, 238-246.

Keywords

  • Hollow spheres
  • NiO
  • Hierarchical porosity
  • Adsorption
  • Congo red