Background: Despite the well-known health benefits of adopting a healthy lifestyle, older adults’ self-determination, goals, and motivation, as well as other personality factors, are known to influence their healthy lifestyle behaviors, yet these interactions have rarely been discussed. Method: The literature that investigated and discussed the interaction of personality, goals, and healthy lifestyle behaviors among older adults was reviewed. In addition, interview responses from older adults regarding their experiences in participating in a real-life physical activity intervention and its relationship with their personality traits and goal setting were synthesized using content analysis. Results: The current review highlights the relationship between healthy living practices, goal setting, and personalities, and it is backed up and expanded upon by interviews with participants. People with different personality types are likely to have diverse views on HLBs. Individuals who are more conscientiousness or extraverted are more likely to adopt HLBs than those who are not. Discussion: It is suggested that a meta-analysis should be conducted on the relationship between personality, goal setting, and physical exercise or other specific HLBs. In addition, future research should focus on various types of HLB therapies that take into account personality and goal setting. Copyright © 2022 by the authors.
CitationWong, M. Y. C., Ou, K.-L., & Chung, P. K. (2022). Healthy lifestyle behavior, goal setting, and personality among older adults: A synthesis of literature reviews and interviews. Geriatrics, 7(6). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics7060131
- Healthy lifestyle behavior
- Goal setting
- Older adults
- Qualitative interview