Grit, academic engagement in math and science, and well-being outcomes in children during the COVID-19 pandemic: A study in Hong Kong and Macau

Jesus Alfonso Daep DATU, Jet Uy BUENCONSEJO, Cheuk Ying Cherry SHEK, Yat Ling Elaine CHOY, Kuai Long Elvo SOU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is evidence showing that the triarchic model of grit and its dimensions (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) predict engagement and well-being outcomes in high school and undergraduate students during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. However, there has been limited research on how this model of grit relates to engagement and optimal psychological outcomes in primary school students. This research investigates the association of grit's dimensions with academic engagement in math and science as well as well-being outcomes (i.e., positive emotions, negative emotions, and flourishing) in primary school students. Participants were primary school students (Mage = 10.42; SDage = 1.26) from Hong Kong (n = 279) and Macau (n = 124). Results showed that perseverance of effort positively predicted cognitive and behavioral engagement in math as well as positive emotions even after controlling for demographic covariates (i.e., age, gender, setting, and year level), conscientiousness, and achievement goal orientations. Adaptability to situations positively predicted cognitive and social engagement in math and flourishing. Consistency of interests negatively predicted both cognitive engagement in science and negative emotions. Indeed, this study indicates that perseverance and adaptability may facilitate children's positive academic and psychological functioning during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-512
JournalSchool Psychology International
Volume44
Issue number4
Early online dateJan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Citation

Datu, J. A. D., Buenconsejo, J. U., Shek, C. Y. C., Choy, Y. L. E., & Sou, K. L. E. (2023). Grit, academic engagement in math and science, and well-being outcomes in children during the COVID-19 pandemic: A study in Hong Kong and Macau. School Psychology International, 44(4), 489-512.. https://doi.org/10.1177/01430343221147273

Keywords

  • Chinese children
  • Flourishing
  • Grit
  • Math and science engagement
  • Well-being

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